Besides having different styles of learning, we have different types of intelligence. The theory of Multiple Intelligence was proposed by Howard Gardner in 1983 and although it is is a relatively new theory, it has revolutionized the way we view intelligence and learning.
Types of Intelligence:
Spatial – Spatial Intelligence is the ability to visualize and have strong spatial judgment. People with strong spatial intelligence are often good with puzzles.
Careers involving Spatial Intelligence include architects, designers, and artists.
Linguistic – This intelligence indicates strong natural skills in words and language. Typically this means one is good at reading, writing, speaking, and can more easily pick up languages. Linguistic Intelligences are comfortable with discussion, debate, and public speaking, and they usually learns best through reading and speaking. The are good at teaching, explaining, and telling stories.
Careers involving Linguistic Intelligence include writers, lawyers, policemen, philosophers, journalists, politicians, poets, and teachers.
Logical/Mathematical – This Intelligence has to do with numbers, logic, reasoning, and understanding abstract concepts in a logical way. This type of intelligence is most often associated with traditional IQ tests. Pattern recognition, scientific investigation, computer programming and strategic thinking are all part of this intelligence.
Careers involving Logical/Mathematical intelligence include engineers, scientists, physicists, mathematicians, and economists.
Kinaesthetic – Kinaesthetic Intelligence involves a unique awareness of body movements, and a sense of timing. They tend to learn better while moving and being engaged in physical or hands-on activity. Activities such as building, sports, dancing and performing appeal to those with Kinesthic intelligence.
Careers involving Kinesthetic intelligence include athletes, dancers, performers, doctors, construction, firefighting, policing, and soldiers.
Musical – Musical intelligence involves a heightened awareness of music, sound, tone, and rhythm. Singing, composing music, playing musical instruments are all activities that involve Musical Intelligence. Musical learners learn especially well by lectures and putting lessons to song.
Careers involving Musical Intelligence include singers, musicians, conductors, composers, and disk-jockeys.
Interpersonal – Known as “extroverts,” people with strong Interpersonal intelligence are highly aware of other people’s thoughts, feelings, and actions. They tend to work well in groups and enjoy being part of social organizations. Discussions and debates are enjoyed by people with this intelligence and consider communication very important. Working in groups is an important learning tool.
Careers involving Interpersonal Intelligence include sales, managers, teachers, politicians, and social workers.
Intrapersonal – Known as “introverts,” people with a strong Intrapersonal intelligence are very self-aware. They have a deep understanding of self – their personal motivations, goals, strengths, and weaknesses. Intrapersonal learners prefer and tend to work on their own whenever possible.
Careers involving Intrapersonal Intelligence include writers, philosophers, psychologists, and theologians.
Naturalistic – People with naturalistic intelligence are extremely aware and involved with their natural surroundings. People with this intelligence learn best when lessons can be connected or applied to nature.
Careers involving Naturalistic Intelligence include farmers, conservation officers, naturalists, and gardeners.
Most people will favor one type of intelligence but will there will be lots of crossover. You may also note that there are close similarities between learning styles and multiple intelligence. Being aware of your child’s intelligence and learning style provides a great framework for creating different learning opportunities.
There are two great books I have used for Integrating Multiple Intelligence and learning style into my lessons and creative activities. So Each May Learn: Integrating Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences is a great resource for classroom teachers, or anyone who wants in integrate Multiple Intelligence theory into group and classroom activities.
In Their Own Way: Discovering and Encouraging Your Child’s Multiple Intelligences is written by Dr. Thomas Armstrong, who has dedicated his career and life to educating educators, parents and, society about multiple intelligence, different learning styles and learning disorders. His books are a must read for anyone who has a child labeled within the school system as having ADD or ADHD.
This is another in a ongoing series of posts on Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences. If there is a topic or aspect of these subjects you would like to see a post about, please email me.
Please see the rest of our posts in the Learning Style and Multiple Intelligence Series.
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